ESSENTIAL CHRISTIAN DOCTRINE// DEITY OF CHRIST

HOLY TRACK OUTREACH MINISTRIES


Rev. J Djan


CHRISTIAN APOLOGETICS


ESSENTIAL CHRISTIAN DOCTRINE 


What is Essential Christian Doctrine ?


Consider a four legged rectangular table. Any additional legs can hardly affect the balance of the table. If you take away any of those additional legs, again it  affects not the stability. However when you take away any of the prime four legs it will destabilize the table. Those four legs like pillars, are as essential to the stability of the table as The Essential Christian Dctrine is to Christianity. 

CHRISTIANITY  cannot stand without some specific doctrine and those doctrines are like  those pillars and are called the Essential Christian Doctrine. Example : The Resurrection : 1Cor.15 :12-19

Essential Christian Doctrine separates Christianity from the cults.   It is the accepted truth , " Orthodoxy" that separates Truth from  lies  " Heresy"

Ironically , all Christian denominations have not come or agreed to the number of pillars for the Essential Christian Doctrine. The numbers ranges from 4 to 9 or more.

Some models are contracted and others are expanded.


THE BIBLE ANSWERMAN ACRONYM


We are going to use the acronym coined by Hank Hanegraf - D.O.C.T.R.I.N.E. Hanegraf the Bible answerman  has developed his model which makes it easier to remember.


 D.O.C.T.R.I.N.E

1.Deity of Christ Jesus

2. Original Sin

3. Canon

4. Trinity

5. Resurrection 

6 Incarnation 

7. New Birth

8. Eschatology.


DEITY OF Christ:


Deity is from the Latin word Deus which means god, or divinity.

It is essential for one to know the God that he serves : Many people are confused about who Jesus really is. Scriptures clearly show that Jesus Christ is God. What confuses people is the misunderstanding of some texts that seem to contradict that truth . We will look at the truth that Jesus is God first, and then clarify those scriptures that seem to contradict;  that have been used by skeptics


PROPHECY PROVES THAT HE IS GOD.


Before Jesus physically came into the world, it was prophesied that he is God.   Isaiah 40:3,5,9

(vs 3) The voice of him that crieth in the wilderness, Prepare ye the way of the Lord, make straight in the desert a highway for our God.

 (5) And the glory of the Lord shall be revealed, and all flesh shall see it together: for the mouth of the Lord hath spoken it.

 (9) O Zion, that bringest good tidings, get thee up into the high mountain; O Jerusalem, that bringest good tidings, lift up thy voice with strength; lift it up, be not afraid; say unto the cities of Judah, Behold your God! (Isaiah 40:3, 5, 9 KJV)

Therefore the Lord himself shall give you a sign; Behold, a virgin shall conceive, and bear a son, and shall call his name Immanuel. (Isaiah 7:14 KJV)

For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given: and the government shall be upon his shoulder: and his name shall be called Wonderful, Counsellor, The mighty God, The everlasting Father, The Prince of Peace. (Isaiah 9:6 KJV)

In those days, and at that time, will I cause the Branch of righteousness to grow up unto David; and he shall execute judgment and righteousness in the land. In those days shall Judah be saved, and Jerusalem shall dwell safely: and this is the name wherewith she shall be called, The Lord our righteousness. (Jeremiah 33:15, 16 KJV)

But thou, Beth–lehem Ephratah, though thou be little among the thousands of Judah, yet out of thee shall he come forth unto me that is to be ruler in Israel; whose goings forth have been from of old, from everlasting. (Micah 5:2 KJV)

Thy throne, O God, is for ever and ever: the sceptre of thy kingdom is a right sceptre. Thou lovest righteousness, and hatest wickedness: therefore God, thy God, hath anointed thee with the oil of gladness above thy fellows. (Psalms 45:6, 7 KJV)

The Lord said unto my Lord, Sit thou at my right hand, until I make thine enemies thy footstool. (Psalms 110:1 KJV).


JESUS'S OWN TESTIMONY DURING HIS MINISTRY PROVES THAT HE IS GOD.


Jesus said unto them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Before Abraham was, I am. (John 8:58 KJV)

Jesus saith unto him, Have I been so long time with you, and yet hast thou not known me, Philip? he that hath seen me hath seen the Father; and how sayest thou then, Shew us the Father? (John 14:9 KJV)

I and my Father are one. (John 10:30 KJV)

That all men should honour the Son, even as they honour the Father. He that honoureth not the Son honoureth not the Father which hath sent him. (John 5:23 KJV)

I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the ending, saith the Lord, which is, and which was, and which is to come, the Almighty. (Revelation 1:8 KJV)

I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the ending, saith the Lord, which is, and which was, and which is to come, the Almighty. Saying, I am Alpha and Omega, the first and the last: and, What thou seest, write in a book, and send it unto the seven churches which are in Asia; unto Ephesus, and unto Smyrna, and unto Pergamos, and unto Thyatira, and unto Sardis, and unto Philadelphia, and unto Laodicea. (Revelation 1:8, 11 KJV)

And when I saw him, I fell at his feet as dead. And he laid his right hand upon me, saying unto me, Fear not; I am the first and the last: I am he that liveth, and was dead; and, behold, I am alive for evermore, Amen; and have the keys of hell and of death. (Revelation 1:17, 18 KJV).


 OTHER NEW TESTAMENT ACCOUNT THAT PROVES THAT HE IS GOD


Col.1:15-16,  Phi. 2:5-8  Jn. 1-14  1Tm. 3:16

SYSTEMATIC PROOF OF CHRIST'S DIVINITY :

*HE DEMONSTRATES THE ATTRIBUTES OF GOD.

1. He is ETERNAL.  (without beginning ,without end) Micah 5:2, Jn.1:1-2  Jn 17:5 

2. He is OMNIPOTENT (All powerful). Matt 28:18, Jn.10:18  Heb1:3, 

3. He is OMNIPRESENT (all present at every where and at every time) Matt.28:20 Matt.18.20 , Jn 3:13

4. OMNISCIENT(knows all things) Jn 18:4, Matt 12:25, Lk 6:8,  Jn 2:24-25, Jn 16:30 Col.2:3 Lk .5:22

5. He is IMMUTABLE: (unchangeable)  Heb 13:8 Jn 8:58

* HE DEMONSTRATES GOD'S PREROGATIVES

1. He forgives sin. Lk 5:20,  7:48

2. He receives worship : Jn 9:38, Matt 8:2  Matt 9:18 ,15:25

3. Coming with his angels Matt 13:41, 

4. He is not an angel nor demon but can dwell in man. Jn 14:23

5. He is the creator of all things. Col. 1:16,  Jn 1:3

6 .Only God is good. Jesus is good. Jn 10:14

7. He shares God's glory. Jn 17:5

8. He is the Alpha and Omega. Rev 1:8, 11,  22:13

9 . His kingdom is for ever. Dan.7:13-14 Ps.45:6


Hank Hanegraf has this to say..


The biblical witness is clear and convincing that Jesus Christ is the eternal Creator God (John 1; Colossians 1; Hebrews 1; Revelation 1). Throughout his earthly ministry Jesus claimed to be God in word and deed (Mark 14:61–62; John 5:18, 20; 8:58; 10:30–33) and vindicated his claims to deity by living a sinless life (John 8:46; 2 Corinthians 5:21; Hebrews 4:15; 1 John 3:5; 1 Peter 2:22), by manifesting his power over nature (Mark 4:39), over fallen angels (Luke 4:35), over sickness (Matthew 4:23), and even over death itself (John 4:50; 11:43–44; 1 Corinthians 15), and by accurately prophesying God’s judgment on Jerusalem through the destruction of the Temple that occurred in AD 70 (Matthew 24:1–2, 32–35).  ..by HANK HANEGRAF.


SCRIPTURES THAT HAVE BEEN MISUNDERSTOOD TO CONTRADICT CHRIST'S DEITY.


FIRST BORN: 


And he is the head of the body, the church: who is the beginning, the firstborn from the dead; that in all things he might have the preeminence. (Colossians 1:18 KJV)

Critics use the word "firstborn " to mean that Christ was born. This is misunderstanding of scripture. The word "firstborn " here means preeminence.

In the sense of Israel as God"s firstborn, it means adoption.


SERVANT : 


Jesus is sometimes referred to , as a servant because of his mission. 

Mark 10 -  45. For even the Son of man came not to be ministered unto, but to minister, and to give his life a ransom for many. So the designation "servant" applied to Jesus is a descriptive functional title and not a description of His being.

Jesus is equal to God but he voluntarily lowered himself as a servant . This is called 

" The Self-emptying ". ( KENOSIS)  of Christ.

Let this mind be in you, which was also in Christ Jesus: Who, being in the form of God, thought it not robbery to be equal with God: But made himself of no reputation, and took upon him the form of a servant, and was made in the likeness of men: And being found in fashion as a man, he humbled himself, and became obedient unto death, even the death of the cross. (Philippians 2:5-8 KJV).



BEGOTTEN:  


Jn.3:16. ...the only begotten Son of God...


Begotten here means he proceeds from the same kind. . Remember God is one and nowhere in scripture does it say that Jesus was created but rather he is from eternity. Micah. 5:2  Jn.1:1-3

In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. The same was in the beginning with God. All things were made by him; and without him was not any thing made that was made. (John 1:1-3 KJV)

PROPHET : Deut.18:15. Moses refered to him as prophet . "Prophet" was one of Jesus's ministerial offices and it does not negate his deity.  Jesus has three ministerial offices.  PROPHET, PREIST and KING.    The Koran of the Muslims says Jesus is only a  prophet but that is not true. He is not just a prophet .

NOT KNOWING THE LAST DAY./  MY FATHER IS GREATER THAN I ( Mk.13:32, Jn.14:28)

 When Jesus makes such claims , he is referring  to  his humanity

SON OF DAVID. Son of David denotes his human lineage and royalty as King.  And the common people heard him gladly. (Mark 12:35-37 KJV)hip which  will sit on the throne of David forever.

He shall be great, and shall be called the Son of the Highest: and the Lord God shall give unto him the throne of his father David: And he shall reign over the house of Jacob for ever; and of his kingdom there shall be no end. (Luke 1:32, 33 KJV)

And Jesus answered and said, while he taught in the temple, How say the scribes that Christ is the Son of David? For David himself said by the Holy Ghost, The Lord said to my Lord, Sit thou on my right hand, till I make thine enemies thy footstool. David therefore himself calleth him Lord; and whence is he then his son?


SON OF MAN/ SON OF GOD:


And Jesus said unto , Foxes have holes, and birds of the air have nests; but the Son of man hath not where to lay his head. (Luke 9:58 KJV)

Verily, verily, I say unto you, The hour is coming, and now is, when the dead shall hear the voice of the Son of God: and they that hear shall live. (John 5:25 KJV)

The term " Son of man"  denotes his humanity but connotes the concept of God-man because it invokes the quotation from Daniel 7:13-15 which is also confirmed in Isaiah 9:6 which describes him as a future governor born of a virgin but with the appellations as Mighty  God and Everlasting Father.  With such term therefore as The Son Of Man , Christ's divinity and Kingship is affirmed. 

The term  " Son of God " denotes his Deity . This is what is described by the term HYPOSTATIC UNION meaning Jesus is fully God and Fully man

Son of God does not mean his  biological birth. It means "OF THE ORDER OF" and it also means son in the sense of OBEDIENCE.  Also note that in the Old Testament  "son of God is used always to refer to angels.

Jesus's biological birth was a supernatural one through a virgin ( Is 7:14)  but he was existing in the world before he came to be manifested in the flesh through Mary. This is what is called INCARNATION

And without controversy great is the mystery of godliness: God was manifest in the flesh, In In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. The same was in the beginning with God. All things were made by him; and without him was not any thing made that was made. (John 1:1-3 KJV).


HUMAN LIMITATIONS:  


Jesus in his humanity had all the limitations of humans. That means he can feel hungry, sleepy, pain , sad , happy, and was tempted on all points as we are, but he did not sin. He also died as human and he voluntarily gave up his life but as God he cannot die.

Seeing then that we have a great high priest, that is passed into the heavens, Jesus the Son of God, let us hold fast our profession. For we have not an high priest which cannot be touched with the feeling of our infirmities; but was in all points tempted like as we are, yet without sin. (Hebrews 4:14, 15 KJV)

Therefore doth my Father love me, because I lay down my life, that I might take it again. No man taketh it from me, but I lay it down of myself. I have power to lay it down, and I have power to take it again. This commandment have I received of my Father. (John 10:17, 18 KJV) .


Original Sin:


Sin is to fall short of the commandments of God. We can even sin by agreeing to a bad thought or by omission, that is by refusing to do the right thing that we were obligated to do.

Original sin is the " tendency to sin" which all mankind inherited from Adam after the fall. It brought curse upon mankind . It brought death.

Wherefore, as by one man sin entered into the world, and death by sin; and so death passed upon all men, for that all have sinned: (For until the law sin was in the world: but sin is not imputed when there is no law. Nevertheless death reigned from Adam to Moses, even over them that had not sinned after the similitude of Adam's transgression, who is the figure of him that was to come. (Romans 5:12-14 KJV)

For all have sinned, and come short of the glory of God; (Romans 3:23 KJV).


Canon:


Canon is the accepted books of scripture as  the church received from God.

Therefore those scriptures are inerrant or infallible . The scriptures were written by men but they were inspired by the Holy Spirit..

We are not to add to it nor subtract from it.

The canon consists of  sixty six books that make up the Bible; 39 of  the Old Testament and 27 of the New Testament.

The Authenticity of the bible is proven by manuscript, Archaeological and Prophetic evidence.

All scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness: (2 Timothy 3:16 KJV)

And if any man shall take away from the words of the book of this prophecy, God shall take away his part out of the book of life, and out of the holy city, and from the things which are written in this book. (Revelation 22:19 KJV)

 

Trinity:


The Trinity stands for triune God . It does not mean three gods. (1+1+1=3) as some argue. It is three personal self distinctions in the Godhead. (1x1x1=1).  The FATHER, THE SON , THE HOLY GHOST.   Co-equal, co-eternal co-existent. The Father is God , The Son is God, The Holy Spirit is God. But one God.

Hear, O Israel: The Lord our God is one Lord : (Deuteronomy 6:4 KJV)

Go ye therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost: (Matthew 28:19 KJV)

But to us there is but one God, the Father, of whom are all things, and we in him; and one Lord Jesus Christ, by whom are all things, and we by him. (1 Corinthians 8:6 KJV)

But when the Comforter is come, whom I will send unto you from the Father, even the Spirit of truth, which proceedeth from the Father, he shall testify of me: (John 15:26 KJV) 


Resurrection:


Jesus Christ died, was buried and he rose from the dead bodily not just a spiritual resurrection as some say.  Re. 1:18

By his resurrection he conquered death so we also will be resurrected just like him.

1Thess.4:13-18.  He is ths called the first fruits  of resurrection. 

Matthew 28, Mark 16, Luke 24, and John 20. give an account of the resurrection . Without the resurrection there would be no Christianity and there would be no hope for mankind. 1Cor.15


Incarnation:


The doctrine of the Incarnation means Jesus Christ is God who came into this world by taking upon him the human flesh.  Jn.1:14

In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. And the Word was made flesh, and dwelt among us, (and we beheld his glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father,) full of grace and truth. (John 1:1, 14 KJV)


New Creation:


New creation is the NEW BIRTH. 

Jesus answered and said unto him, Verily, verily, I say unto thee, Except a man be born again, he cannot see the kingdom of God. 

Nicodemus saith unto him, How can a man be born when he is old? can he enter the second time into his mother's womb, and be born? 

Jesus answered, Verily, verily, I say unto thee, Except a man be born of water and of the Spirit, he cannot enter into the kingdom of God. That which is born of the flesh is flesh; and that which is born of the Spirit is spirit. (John 3:3-6 KJV)

But as many as received him, to them gave he power to become the sons of God, even to them that believe on his name: Which were born, not of blood, nor of the will of the flesh, nor of the will of man but of God. Jn.1:12 

That if thou shalt confess with thy mouth the Lord Jesus, and shalt believe in thine heart that God hath raised him from the dead, thou shalt be saved. (Romans 10:9 KJV)



Eschatology


Eschatology is the the study of end times. 

It is essential because it is the culmination of all what we are journeying for.

The Christian is in transit in this present world  to a better place.  It is essential for the sinner to know this and repent before it is too late. This truth must be held and made known to the whole world . The prophets spoke about it.THE GREAT TRIBULATION DEATH AND RESURRECTION,  THE MILLENNIUM, ARMAGEDDON , THE GREAT WHITE THRONE JUDGEMENT, THE REWARD OF THE SAINTS ETRNAL TORMENT IN THE LAKE OF FIRE FOR THE CONDEMNED, NEW HEAVEN , NEW EARTH, THE KINGDOM OF GOD .

Dan. 7, 9,  12. MATT.24, Is2: 20-21 Re. 9, 20,21,22 etc.